Pin bar patterns were first discussed by Martin Pring, in his book, Pring on Price Patterns. They were referred to as “Pinocchio Bars” at that time. This was because the original figure looked a bit like Pinocchio’s nose. These patterns are extremely popular, since they offer fairly reliable reversal signals, when used accurately.
Martin Pring also called them Pinocchio Bars because they can lie. They might misdirect you about the direction of the market. These patterns often create a break in price movements. But these breaks are generally false moves, as the price movement recovers to the range of the previous candle after the break.
A pin bar consists of a single price bar. This is generally a candlestick bar and represents a sharp rejection or reversal of price. Also known as pin bar reversal, it is represented by a long tail, also known as the “wick” or “shadow” of the candlestick pattern. The region between the open and close of the pin bar is known as the body of the bar. In comparison to the tail, pin bars have very small bodies.
The price that was rejected is shown by the tail of the pin bar. This implies that the price would continue to rise in the direction opposite to which the tail points. So, a pin bar with a long upper tail signals a bearish market, while a bullish pin bar would have a long lower tail. This shows the rejection of lower prices, implying a near-term increase in price.
Here’s a look at some of the most popular pin bar trading strategies:
A pin bar entry signal can offer a great risk to reward ratio and a high probability entry scenario in a trending market. It shows a battle between the bears and bulls, signalling the weakening of the previous trend. So, a bearish trend should exist for a bullish pin bar. Similarly, before the formation of a bearish pin bar, a bullish trend is required. For a pin bar strategy in which there is a reversal of a bullish trend, the following steps can help:
At times, the market can reverse so aggressively after the pin bar formation that the trading strategy may offer a risk to reward ratio of greater than 1:2. To ensure that they don’t miss out on identifying the new trend, the stop loss point can be moved to break even by aggressive traders. This ensures a risk to reward ratio of 1:1.
Fibonacci ratios are helpful in finding great risk to reward ratios. The steps to follow when trading in a bearish market using Fibonacci ratios are:
There are 2 types of wedges, rising and falling. A rising wedge signals a bearish pattern, while a falling wedge indicates a bullish pattern. During the formation of the wedge, the price action can be confusing. In a rising wedge, the market continues to see higher highs and higher lows. In a falling wedge, there are lower highs and lower lows. But the market lacks meaningful conviction.
The nature of these trend lines gives the wedge its shape. The lines converge towards a single point until the wedge breaks. On most occasions, before the wedge breaks, the opposite trendline is pierced. When that happens, traders tend to look for a pin bar. This points towards the reversal of the market. In these cases, the Fibonacci trading strategy discussed above would not work because the rejection is too abrupt and powerful. This means that there would not be any pullback into the Fibonacci area.
Instead, using the classic way for trading pin bars works great here. For instance, in the chart above, there is a bullish trend. There is a series of higher highs and higher lows. However, there is only marginal follow through. When the opposite trendline is pierced by the price, a bearish pin bar is formed. After this, there is a firm rejection, and the wedge is broken by the candle. In such situations, traders prefer to focus on trading the rising wedge. They:
Pin bars can be an extremely useful tool. But it must be remembered that they are not a magical formula. For best results, they should be combined with other technical analysis tools.